Everything you need to know about Ausbildung
Are you on the verge of completing your 12th standard?
Are you eager about gaining real-world working experience instead of theoretical knowledge?
Do you want to work in one of the most developed countries in the world in future?
Then there is no better option for you than choosing in Germany.
Germany has a special system known as Ausbildung, which allows students from both EU or non-EU countries to work in German companies as apprentices, while getting trained for a trade or professions in a training institute.
Ausbildung system has been developed historically out of the medieval guild system.
In Germany, many young people enter the working market over the apprenticeship system.
Over 500,000 new apprenticeships (Ausbildung) contracts are concluded every year by various companies in Germany.
Ausbildung.de is one of the main portal that advertises Ausbildung positions, and these organization has a collaboration with all the German companies which intake students for Ausbildung positions.
Companies that have apprenticeship positions and provide training to young people, not only save on recruitment costs but also avoid the risk of hiring the wrong employee for the job in future.
As per Statistisches Bundesamt, 521,900 foreign persons have signed up for new training / apprenticeship positions in 2018, which is more than twice in number when compared to 2009.
Last year, the increase in new contracts issued was high to various people from various Asian countries – 13,900 training contracts in 2018 whereas In 2017, the figure was only 10,000.
This sums up that, you have a very good chance to get trained in Germany under Ausbildung scheme and make a successful career in future.
But before that, let’s understand all the nitty-gritty details regarding Ausbildung.
What is Ausbildung in Germany?
Ausbildung is a vocational training program in Germany and is known as Apprenticeship in the English language.
Once accepted to this program as an Azubi or Ausbildender by any of the German companies, your training under Ausbildung will be divided into two parts:
In the first place, you will be affiliated with a German company where you’ll be on a work placement as an apprentice.
Secondly, you’ll be affiliated with a vocational training school, also known as Berufsschule in the German language, where you will be attending training classes.
You need to divide your time based on your apprenticeship period to attend both these places.
For example, if you have applied for Ausbildung in a hotel, you have to work for three days in any assigned department to gain practical knowledge.
Your assigned departments can change, like, you’ll be asked to work for one month in housekeeping, one month in room service, one month in front office so that you can get the overall experience in the hotel management job.
The remaining 2 days of your week, you’ll take part in your vocational training school (Berufsschule) where you’ll study your respective assigned category and technicalities.
Your vocational training school will conduct your exams like midterms and final exams.
Your final Ausbildung score will include grades from your company and vocational training school.
The company will give you grades as per your work and training school as per your performance in the exams.
Now, let’s discuss how long will this training last?
Duration of Ausbildung Program in Germany
Usually, the Ausbildung program lasts for 3-4 years, but if your grades are good based on your performance in the company and vocational training school, then this time period can be reduced.
But it doesn’t make any significant difference, as the time of 3 years can be reduced to 2.5 years, so it hardly matters.
Time duration usually depends on various factors like which company you are working for, which department you are assigned, from which vocational training school you are studying.
But there is one important thing you badly require to be eligible for the Ausbildung program, and that is proficiency in the German language.
Language Requirement For Ausbildung in Germany
The language used in the vocational training school is German. They conduct all exams in German.
Also, your practical training in your company will be in German. Sometimes, it can vary as well because there might be English-speaking people. But usually, the communication will be in the German language.
So, you need to fulfill the basic requirement or level for the German language, i.e. able to prove that your level is at least B1.
But, if you are fluent enough in German-speaking, it’ll be very good for you because to complete the Ausbildung program one must have good proficiency in the German language.
The most important prerequisite that most companies check for hiring apprentices from other countries is a good knowledge of German.
Over 90% of the companies (with apprenticeship offers) stated that language skills were necessary to complete a training course. (Source – DIHK survey)
One of the important questions that can arise in your mind after going through all these details may be:
Education Requirement For Ausbildung in Germany
If you are a non-European, and from countries like Indian then you must be with a 12th grade school examination passed certificate. It could be in any subject group. This is the minimum academic qualification required for an applicant from a Non-European country to apply for an Ausbildung programme in Germany.
Those who have higher level qualifications achieved after the 12th grade school education e.g; diploma or degree, also can apply.
Some companies and training institutions maintain an eligibility criteria of anybody who is below 30, apart from the 12th grade minimum qualification.
How can a Non-EU citizen apply for Ausbildung in Germany?
Currently, there are around 330 occupations requiring formal training in Germany.
Businesses that take part in the dual training scheme consider vocational training to be the best form of personal recruitment.
There is a growing awareness across Europe and all over the world that excellent work-based vocational education and training is vital for competitiveness and social participation.
So, let’s go through a series of questions about how you can apply for the Ausbildung program being a non-EU student.
What are the documents required to apply for an Ausbildung in Germany for non-EU citizens?
You need two important documents for applying for Ausbildung in Germany:
- Curriculum Vitae (CV)
This is the first requirement that you need to fulfill. Your CV should be brief. It should include the information about precise education details, work experiences (only if applicable) etc.
- Cover letter if required.
- Certified / attested work experience letters (only if applicable)
- School certificates, diplomas or / and Degrees
You need to provide your above mentioned certificates (certified copies) in the English language and also in the German language.
You need not worry about the translation of the documents as we at KCR Consultants will help you throughout your complete process.
Why do you need these documents?
Now you know that you can start an Apprenticeship (Ausbildung) either after 12th grade, depending on the requirements of the specific company you’re applying to.
Therefore, your school leaving certificates are important so that the companies offering you an Apprenticeship position can compare your school to the German equivalent i.e. Hauptschule or Realschule.
What are the financial requirements and benifits of Ausbildung in Germany?
If you apply for the Ausbildung visa, you need to have:
- A written confirmation or a contract by the training company
- Sufficient amount of money (863) Euros per month) to maintain the cost living in Germany for the duration of your stay prior to the start of your Ausbildung
- A valid health insurance for at least for the first year or prior to the start of your vocational training
Participants of Ausbildung are paid a monthly stipend by the company where they work every week as part of the programme. Generally they are entitled for a minimum amount of 850.EUR per month. It could be more according to the skills, productivity of each participant, and the number of hours of work per week.
How to apply for a visa application for Ausbildung in Germany?
So, if we sum it up, being a non-EU citizen, you have to follow these steps for joining the vocational training in Germany:
- Get school-leaving and other certificates recognized and translated
- Apply for the desired and relevant vocational training
- Apply for a visa
And that’s it! Take off to Germany!
Brighter Future Awaits You
If you are serious about working in one of the best countries in the world and are eager for an exciting working experience, you need to have a good hold in German language and have all the necessary documents to get your Ausbildung visa approved.
We at KCR Consultants can help you with all these crucial requirements once you get in touch with our team members.
If you have any doubts regarding education or preparing to qualify to work in the future in Germany, you can comment in the box below. Our team will reach out to you as soon as possible