29 States Of India and their Capitals and Languages

Introduction: 29 States Of India And Their Capitals And Languages

Humanity and language both have their origins in India. India is the original ancestor, the grandmother of myths and legends, and the great-grandmother of customs.

India achieved the status of democratic republic status on 26 January 1950. After becoming completely free from the British administration, the resident nationals in India had the ultimate power in their hands. As per the constitution, people elect their representatives to make decisions. India is a nation of diverse cultures. The 29 states of India and their capitals and language are unique and exciting to learn about the country. Read on to know more. 

History of categorisation of Indian states:

In 1956, India formed the States Reorganisation Act, which restricts the Indian states’ borders along semantic lines. This Act in the Indian Constitution dismissed the Part A, B and C status of the Indian states to form just a single type of state. The former governor’s region of British India constituted Part A states. Those belonging to royal states came under Part B. Part C includes the princely states and provinces of former chief commissioners. 

The Republic of India occupies the seventh spot in terms of total land area and ranks second in terms of population.

Since 1947, though state boundaries have changed, the Act still plays a significant role in defining the current Indian states’ forms and shapes.

In 2000, 3 new states were formed, namely Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, and Uttaranchal from Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, and Uttar Pradesh. Similarly, Telangana from Andhra Pradesh in 2014. 

29 States Of India and their Capitals And Language:

Here is the list of 29 States Of India And Their Capitals, and their official languages:

State Capital Official language
Andhra Pradesh Amaravati Telugu
Arunachal Pradesh Itanagar English
Assam Dispur Assamese
Bihar Patna Hindi
Chhattisgarh Raipur Chhattisgarhi
Goa Panaji Konkani
Gujarat Gandhinagar Gujarati
Haryana Chandigarh Haryanvi
Himachal Pradesh Shimla Hindi
Jammu and Kashmir Srinagar in summer and Jammu in winter Urdu
Jharkhand Ranchi Hindi
Karnataka Bengaluru Kannada
Kerala Trivandrum Malayalam
Madhya Pradesh Bhopal Hindi
Maharashtra Mumbai Marathi
Manipur Imphal Manipuri
Meghalaya Shillong English
Mizoram Aizawl Mizo
Nagaland Kohima English
Odisha Bhubaneswar Oriya
Punjab Chandigarh Punjabi
Rajasthan Jaipur Hindi
Sikkim Gangtok Nepali
Tamil Nadu Chennai Tamil
Telangana Hyderabad Telugu, Urdu
Tripura Agartala

Bengali

and Kokborok

Uttar Pradesh Lucknow Hindi
Uttarakhand Dehradun Hindi
West Bengal Kolkata Bengali

Union territories in India:

Union Territory Capital Official language
Andaman and Nicobar Islands Port Blair  English, Hindi
Chandigarh Chandigarh  Punjabi
Dadra and Nagar Haveli Silvassa  Gujarati, Hindi
Daman and Diu Daman  English, Gujarati, Hindi, Konkani
Delhi New Delhi  Hindi
Ladakh  Leh  Ladakhi
Lakshadweep Kavaratti  Malayalam
Puducherry Pondicherry  English, Tamil

Famous tourist spots in various states

Let us see tourist attractions in multiple states 

  • Andhra Pradesh

Araku Valley and Borra Caves

Lord Venkateswara Temple

NagarjunaKonda

Amaravati 

  • Arunachal Pradesh

Gekar Sinyi (Ganga lake)

Sela Pass

Kamlang Wildlife Sanctuary

Tawang monastery

Mehao Wildlife Sanctuary 

  • Assam

Kaziranga National Park

Brahmaputra River

Kamakhya Temple

UmaNanda temple

Pobitora Life Sanctuary 

  • Bihar

Patna Museum

Bodh Gaya

Nalanda

The Archaeological site of Vaishali

Madhubani 

  • Chhattisgarh

Chitrakote waterfalls

Tamor Pingla

Bhairamgarh

Sita Nadi wildlife sanctuaries 

Indravati national park  

  • Goa

Calangute beach

Palolem beach

Basilica of Bom Jesus

Dudhsagar Waterfalls 

  • Gujarat

Gir National Park

Bhuj

Sabarmati Ashram

Statue of Unity

Great Rann of Katch 

  • Haryana

Kingdom of Dreams

Brahma Sarovar 

Kurukshetra

Morni Hills

Zakir Hussain Rose Garden

Sultanpur Bird Sanctuary 

  • Himachal Pradesh

Shimla

Manali

Dalhousie

Rohtang La

Spiti Valley

Kasauli 

  • Jammu and Kashmir

Alchi Monastery

Kashmir

Spituk Monastery

Pangong Tso

Jammu

Zanskar 

  • Jharkhand

Ranchi Hills

Netarhat

Sun Temple

Baidynath Dham 

  • Karnataka

Bengaluru

Mysore Palace

Lalbagh

Bandipur National Park

Hampi

Coorg 

  • Kerala

Munnar

Alappuzha

Kochi

Allepey Backwaters

Kovalam

Athirappilly Waterfalls 

  • Madhya Pradesh

Karera Wildlife Sanctuary

Ken Gharial Sanctuary

Bandhavgarh National Park 

Kanha National Park

Gwalior Gharana 

  • Maharashtra

Gateway of India

Ajanta Caves

Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus

Ellora Caves

Elephanta Caves 

  • Manipur

Loktak Lake

Kangla Fort

Keibul Lamjao National Park

Moirang 

  • Meghalaya

Elephant Falls

Umiam Lake

Cherrapunji

Mawlynnong village

Nohkalikai Falls 

  • Mizoram

Reiek Heritage Village

Durtlang Hills

Murlen National Park 

Khawnglung Wildlife Sanctuary

Tam Dil 

  • Nagaland

Dimapur

Kohima War Cemetery

Mokokchung

Khonoma village 

  • Odisha

Puri

Konark Sun temple

Chilika lake

Jagannath Temple

Nandankanan Zoological Park 

  • Punjab

Jallianwala Bagh

Golden Temple

Wagah Border 

  • Rajasthan

Amber Palace

Hawa Mahal

City Palace of Udaipur

Jodhpur 

  • Sikkim

Nathula Pass

Yumthang Valley

Khangchendzonga National Park 

  • Tamil Nadu

Mahabalipuram

Madurai

Marina Beach

Ooty 

  • Telangana

Charminar

Golconda Fort

Karimnagar

Warangal 

  • Tripura

Tripura Sundari Temple

Kailashahar

Unakoti

Neermahal Palace 

  • Uttar Pradesh

Taj Mahal

Agra Fort

Kashi Vishwanath Temple

Varanasi

Ganges River

Mathura 

  • Uttarakhand

Haridwar

Nainital

Rishikesh

Mussoorie 

  • West Bengal

Howrah bridge

Darjeeling

Kalimpong

Sunderban National Park

Union Territories

  • Andaman and the Nicobar Islands

Port Blair

Cellular Jail

Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park

Bharatpur Beach, Neil Island

Radhanagar Beach

  • Chandigarh

Rock Garden

Zakir Hussain Rose Garden

Sukhna Lake

ISKCON Temple

Leisure Valley

  • Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu

Dudhni Lake

The Church of our Lady of Piety

Vanganga Lake

Bom Jesus Church

Jampore Beach

Diu Fort

  • The Government of NCT of Delhi

Red Fort

India Gate

Qutb Minar

Lotus Temple

Humayun’s Tomb

Rashtrapati Bhawan

  • Ladakh

Pangong Tso Lake

Khardung La Pass

Leh Palace

Thiksey Monastery

Diskit Monastery

  • Lakshadweep

Minicoy Island

Agatti Island

Kavaratti Island

Kadmat Island

  • Puducherry

Promenade Beach

Sri Aurobindo Ashram

Basilica of the Sacred Heart of Jesus

Auroville

Paradise Beach 

Conclusion

Whether it is topography, natural beauty, culture, religion, or language, India is a land of vast diversities. India’s “unity in diversity” is undeniably one of its most distinctive features. Many languages, faiths, and civilisations can coexist peacefully in India.

These places have various attractive tourist destinations, unique traditions, speciality cuisines, and much more. That makes exploring India quite interesting and a great attraction for tourists worldwide. 

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