Mobility of Indian students abroad for higher studies

The interest of Indian students to study abroad is set to grow in the coming years too, as many qualified students are left behind in the race of getting an admission in the best institutions of the country, due to the less number of seats available, more number of students emerging with high marks, accepting students only on the basis of the marks obtained in the recently concluded examinations, lack of transparency in the admission process, differentiating students with reservations and the cancerous practice of admiting students by accepting bribes and donations in privately owned institutions.

Steady growth in the student mobility

Still the mobility of Indian students for post graduate studies abroad is outnumbering that for Bachelor Degree studies. But the recent years saw a huge rise of high school graduates enrolling on various courses especially to study Medicine in foreign Universities. The constant growth in numbers could be driven by the economic growth and expanding incomes in India.

While the most desired countries for Indian students continuously to be the United States, United Kingdom, Australia and Germany, Canada and New Zealand are also getting popular with the post study work visa offer called job search visa.

Education in India

China with almost 45 Medical Universities approved by MoE of China to teach Medical courses to international students in English and several public Universities in Russia and Ukraine offering the same became the most popular destination countries among the minimum budgeted students from India who wish to study medicine. Medical Universities in Latvia, Poland and Lithuania are also getting popular among those who can afford €70 – 80,000 to meet the total cost of the entire 6 years studies.

The new high fly Indian students:-

(a) Those that are academically prepared and more importantly have an ability to pay for their experiences.

(b) Born in the late 1990s to parents who are more likely to invest in top quality education abroad for their children.

At the secondary level, many of these high-flying students attend expensive international schools offering programs like the international baccalaureate. This cohort will begin to seek out undergraduate programs abroad next year, and will look for high-quality masters programs a few years later.

The proposed reforms in Indian education

The proposed reforms to India’s higher education sector is considered as the long awaited and most welcomed start by all concerned, hoping that would expand the higher education sector and also pave the way to internationalize the universities and colleges in India.

The Hindu Business Line indicates that financial accessibility, physical accessibility, and “virtual accessibility,” or online education, will all play a key role in the availability and effectiveness of Indian higher education in the coming years.

However, an expansion of the scale and pace currently imagined will no doubt come with some daunting quality control issues and with new prospects for expanded participation by the private sector and by foreign providers. Much of this upcoming growth is projected to occur at the undergraduate level.

A fresh look at internationalization in India

The economic and trade liberalization has provided greater opportunities for transnational and cross-border education. In addition to the large numbers of Indian students now studying abroad, and a smaller number of international students choosing to study in India (mainly from Asian and African nations), a number of Indian branch campuses have been established abroad, such as the offshore campus of Manipal University in Malaysia and additional offshore centers in the Gulf region. Despite these initiatives, a few Indian universities include internationalization in their integrated strategic planning frameworks, a situation ascribed to the fact that India does not currently have a national policy governing the entry or operation of foreign higher education institutions. Likewise, a few Indian institutions have alliances with foreign universities on joint course delivery, joint research, faculty and staff mobility, or other forms of collaboration. Institutions most active in these areas tend to be newer, private institutions – those who use such internationalization activities as value-added activities to strengthen their market position.

The surge in the number of Indians studying abroad and a growing number of partnerships with foreign universities have occurred not because of government policy, but due to domestic political and social changes. That the number of Indian students abroad seems poised for further, substantial growth – amidst increasing efforts on the part of the government to reform and expand Indian education – points to the likelihood that internationalization activities of all sorts will continue to play a key role in Indian higher education in the years ahead.

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